Holy Mount (Mount Athos – Agion Oros) or the officially Holy Community of Mount Athos is an “Autonomous Monastic State” within the Hellenic Border with its own administrative system protected by international treaties,. It is unique in the world and differs from the monastic state of Lhasa in Tibet because it is not secular in nature and is not allowed to enter women. It is located on the peninsula of Mount Athos in Halkidiki in the periphery of central Macedonia and is considered to be the world center of Orthodox Christian monasticism. There live orthodox monks from all over the world, Greeks, Russians, Serbs, Bulgarians, Romanians and many other ethnicities.
His story is lost in the past. In the 4th-5th centuries AD we can see monks, while the oldest monastery has exceeded 1000 years of uninterrupted life in the last century. It is also rightly considered by the most important parts of the Balkans and Europe, but mainly of the Eastern Orthodox Church due to its great historical, religious, secretarial and cultural value. It is the living Byzantium 16 centuries after the fall of Byzantium. Finally, due to the huge volume of rich material, it is also characterized as a “shelter” of Greek art and Greek letters, but also as a living museum since sacred vessels and objects are not enclosed in a showcase but are part of everyday worship.